THE IMPACT OF OIL SPILLAGE ON THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT – Complete project material


ABSTRACT

Prospecting for oil in Nigeria started as far back as 1930s. Due to the economic reward from petroleum oil a lot of companies are scattered all over the Delta region of river Niger in quest of oil deposits. The act of oil prospecting  and production cannot continue without immense benefits to numerous parties as well as causing hazards and occasional damages to other parties. It is the light of this realization that this project investigated and identified the various effects and the implications of locating and removing the extractive mineral (oil) from their resting beds. Hence, the main objectives of this project examined the various operation of oil mining through the eye of town planner, as they affect man and his immediate environment. The various objectives are to investigate the effect of the pollution generated by oil mining on the built environment and to examine the effect of oil mining on the living condition of the people. The scope of the study was limited to SAPELE but for the benefit of the study, reference was made to other parts of the Delta findings was based on the data analyzed. Based on the data analyzed, recommendation was made to correct the impact of oil mining on the built environment.

FIGURE 1: MAP OF NIGERIA SHOWING DELTA STATE

FIGURE 2: MAP OF DELTA STATE SHOWING SAPELE

TABLE OF CONTENT

– – xiii

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

1.0 General introduction – – – – 1

1.1 Statement of research problem – – – 3

1.2 Goal and objectives of the study – – 8

1.3 Justification of the study – – – – 9

1.4 The study area – – – – — 10

1.4.1 Location and extent – – – – 10

1.4.2 Population – – – – – – 12

1.4.3 Occupation – – – – – – 12

1.4.4 Brief history of oil mining in sapele – 13

1.5 Scope of the study – – – – – – 14

1.6 Operational definition of terms – – — 14

Chapter two

Literature review

2.0 Introduction – – – – – 20

2.1 The impact of oil operation on the Nigerian environment 22

2.2 Environmental degradation brought about by oil mining activities 24

2.3 Gas flare and air pollution – – – – 26

2.4 Compensation and development – – – 27

2.5 Government responses to environmental degradation 28

2.6 Environmental protection and management in Nigeria 31`

2.7 Community relation in oil mining companies in Nigerian 33

2.8 Prospect of oil mining activities on community – 37

2.8.2 Factors which hinders oil company efforts to improve physical development of host communities – -39

CHAPTER THREE

Research methodology

3.0 Introduction – – – – -44

3.1 Source of data collection – – – – -44

3.2 Primary source – – – — – -44

3.3 Structured interview guide – – – -45

3.4 Questionnaire – – – – – -45

3.5 Secondary source – – – – – -45

3.6 Conduct of survey – — – – – -46

3.7 Sampling techniques – – – – – 47

3.8 Sample – – – – – — 47

3.9 Scope and limitation – – – – – – 48

CHAPTER FOUR

Data analysis and presentation

4.0 socio-economic study- – – 50

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary of findings, recommendation and conclusion.

5.0 Summary – – – – – — 65

5.1 recommendation – – – – – – 66

5.2 conclusion – – – – – – 71

References

Appendix 1

Appendix 11

Appendix11

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